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Resolved: A just nation ought not use offensive cyber operations to target civilian infrastructure.

Definitions

Three Types of Cybere Security (2019)

There are different methods of protecting data. Therefore, Maryville University has devised three cyber security online degree tracks so that aspiring specialists can gain skills and knowledge applicable to the career they want to pursue. These paths are typically broken up as follows:

Offensive Track: Deploys a proactive approach to security through the use of ethical hacking
Defensive Track: Uses a reactive approach to security that focuses on prevention, detection, and response to attacks
General Track: Utilizes a mix of offensive and defensive tactics to provide cyber security

General Updates

US increases cyber operations against other countries (2019)

Iran

Pentagon launched secret digital strike on Iranian spy group: report (2019) U.S. Cyber Command launched a retaliatory digital strike Thursday night against an Iranian spy group responsible for last week’s bombings of two oil tankers, Yahoo News reported, citing two former intelligence officials. The group, which is affiliated with the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, has reportedly digitally tracked and targeted military and civilian vessels passing through the Strait of Hormuz over the past several years, enabling it today to launch attacks on ships in the region.

Iranian hackers launch a new US campaign as tensions rise (2019)

Russia

How not to prevent a cyber war with Russia (2019)

We’ve entered a new age of cyberwar (2019)

Did America really try to override the Russian power grid? (2019)

General

Bolton says the US is expanding offensive cyber operations (2019)

The Air Force wants to start a new $35 million offensive cyber strategy (2019)

NATO Getting More Aggressive on Offensive Cyber (2019)

France’s new offensive cyber doctrine (2019)

Offensive cyber operations in US national security (2019)

The Pentagon thinks Cyber ops could be the next WMDs (2018)

Cyberwarfare and nuclear weapons: Game changing (2018)

Affirmative

The Myth of Cyber Offense: The Case for Restraint (2019)

Offensive cyber operations and nuclear weapons (2019). The potential use of offensive cyber operations against nuclear systems will increase the possibility of war in the future and pose an urgent risk due to the vulnerabilities that exist in nuclear infrastructure. From network attacks, man-in-the- middle attacks, packet sniffing, denial of service attacks (DDOS), Wi-Fi attacks, cyber-spoofing, supply chain attacks, radio attacks, crypto attacks, rubber ducky attacks, air-gapped network attacks, spyware attacks and more, malicious actors have a range of tools that can jeopardize the integrity of nuclear command, control, and communication (C3) systems. This study will explore the offensive cyber threats that threaten nuclear command and control systems.

The impact of cyberwarfare on deterrence (2019) Cyber war is a subject that is highly contested among strategists and experts. This brief assesses the impact of cyber operations against strategic targets and demonstrates that while cyber war is a real phenomenon, it is far from producing decisive outcomes. The cyberspace is a medium to conduct military operations and several countries have made investments in capabilities to both attack and defend against cyber-attacks. The brief evaluates the relative strengths of offence and defence and the extent to which it favours the strong against the weak. It considers whether cyber capabilities create asymmetric advantages, thereby undermining nuclear deterrence and strategic stability. The extensive use of cyberspace creates opportunities as well as challenges and vulnerabilities for countries that possess cyber capabilities.

Nuclear deterrence in a Cyberar-ia (2016)

Why cyber operations did not always favor the offense (2019)

Negative -_ NATO DA

The role of offensive cyber operations in NATO’s Collective Defense (2019)

Negative -_ General

Bombs, Bytes and Spies: The Strategic Dimensions of Offensive Cyber Operations (2019)

The Future of CyberSecurity: The Best Defense is a Good Offense (2019)

The rationale for offensive cyber capabilities (2016)

Negative – Deterrence

Dawn of the Cold War – America’s Battle Against Russia, China, and the Rising Cyber Threat (2019)