There are different methods of protecting data. Therefore, Maryville University has devised three cyber security online degree tracks so that aspiring specialists can gain skills and knowledge applicable to the career they want to pursue. These paths are typically broken up as follows:
Offensive Track: Deploys a proactive approach to security through the use of ethical hacking
Defensive Track: Uses a reactive approach to security that focuses on prevention, detection, and response to attacks
General Track: Utilizes a mix of offensive and defensive tactics to provide cyber security
Pentagon launched secret digital strike on Iranian spy group: report (2019) U.S. Cyber Command launched a retaliatory digital strike Thursday night against an Iranian spy group responsible for last week’s bombings of two oil tankers, Yahoo News reported, citing two former intelligence officials. The group, which is affiliated with the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, has reportedly digitally tracked and targeted military and civilian vessels passing through the Strait of Hormuz over the past several years, enabling it today to launch attacks on ships in the region.
Offensive cyber operations and nuclear weapons (2019). The potential use of offensive cyber operations against nuclear systems will increase the possibility of war in the future and pose an urgent risk due to the vulnerabilities that exist in nuclear infrastructure. From network attacks, man-in-the- middle attacks, packet sniffing, denial of service attacks (DDOS), Wi-Fi attacks, cyber-spoofing, supply chain attacks, radio attacks, crypto attacks, rubber ducky attacks, air-gapped network attacks, spyware attacks and more, malicious actors have a range of tools that can jeopardize the integrity of nuclear command, control, and communication (C3) systems. This study will explore the offensive cyber threats that threaten nuclear command and control systems.
The impact of cyberwarfare on deterrence (2019) Cyber war is a subject that is highly contested among strategists and experts. This brief assesses the impact of cyber operations against strategic targets and demonstrates that while cyber war is a real phenomenon, it is far from producing decisive outcomes. The cyberspace is a medium to conduct military operations and several countries have made investments in capabilities to both attack and defend against cyber-attacks. The brief evaluates the relative strengths of offence and defence and the extent to which it favours the strong against the weak. It considers whether cyber capabilities create asymmetric advantages, thereby undermining nuclear deterrence and strategic stability. The extensive use of cyberspace creates opportunities as well as challenges and vulnerabilities for countries that possess cyber capabilities.
Negative -_ NATO DA
Negative -_ General
Negative – Deterrence