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Resolved: The United States ought to eliminate subsidies for fossil fuel (Argument list, bib, files)

ARGUMENT OUTLINE   Affirmative   Advantages –   Climate change — all impacts, including ethical obligations to reduce climate change   General environmental harms to coal production General environmental harms to oil production   Coal mining destroys the environment   Environmental racism/environmental justice   Natural resource conflicts   High deficits bad   Renewables good, including economic benefits   Nuclear power good   Objectivism/libertarianism — government subsidies bad   Free trade

Resolved: A just nation ought not use offensive cyber operations to target civilian infrastructure.

Definitions Three Types of Cybere Security (2019) There are different methods of protecting data. Therefore, Maryville University has devised three cyber security online degree tracks so that aspiring specialists can gain skills and knowledge applicable to the career they want to pursue. These paths are typically broken up as follows: Offensive Track: Deploys a proactive approach to security through the use of ethical hacking Defensive Track: Uses a reactive approach

Resolved: The United States ought to act as the employer of last resort.

Wikipedia —  Employers of last resort (ELR) are employers in an economy to whom workers go for jobs when no other jobs are available; the term is by analogy with “lender of last resort“. The phrase is used in two senses: undesirable jobs, often private sector, which are only taken as a last resort; a formal government job guarantee program, where the government promises to act as employer of last resort, employing all comers. The sense of

Resolved: States ought to eliminate their nuclear arsenals (file, bibliography, argument list)

Resolved: States ought to eliminate their nuclear arsenals (file, bibliography, argument list)

421 page initial file — General On creating the conditions for nuclear disarmament (2019) Related: Should the US expand and modernize its nuclear arsenal? The Millennials’ Nuclear Weapons Dilemma (2019).  When survival demands one to be unflinchingly red in tooth and claw, the logic of brutality prevails. This persuasive fact compels the development of weapons of mass destruction — nuclear, chemical, biological, etc. No religion, peace evangelist, nor holy man

Resolved: In the United States, colleges and universities ought not consider standardized tests in undergraduate admissions decisions.

Resolved: In the United States, colleges and universities ought not consider standardized tests in undergraduate admissions decisions.

Affirmative Results inaccurate Results based on class Result based on race Costs of administering Negative Need an objective admissions criteria since schools vary Tests accurate measure college potential Affirmative Abolish standardized testing through college admissions (2018). This is a brief article that argues against standardized testing for college admissions. The Socialist Case Against the SAT (2019).  It also turns out that the process of SAT test-question selection is flawed in

Resolved: The intergenerational accumulation of wealth is antithetical to democracy.

Affirmative Concentrated wealth makes it possible to buy off the government Concentrated wealth makes it too difficult to move between socioeconomic classes Widening inequality causes poverty Negative Passing on wealth is an incentive to accumulate it Wealth accumulation critical to business development and innovation Families support the development of businesses are entitled to it Background Intergenerational wealth transmission and the dynamic of inequality in small socities (2009). Small-scale human societies

Resolved: Japan ought to amend Article 9 of its constitution to allow for offensive military capabilities.

Affirmative Advantages Opaque prolif worse than real prolif Reduces the US defense burden Abe power good US arms sales good Negative Disadvantages China arms race and war Regional arms race and war Collapse of global nuclear non-proliferation and war Japanese imperialism Abe bad US arms sales bad Russia-Japan war Counterplans Counterplan: Strengthen US security guarantees Thought: Good luck to the affirmative. The substance of the arguments and the structure of

Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust.

Wikipedia Predictive policing refers to the usage of mathematical, predictive analytics, and other analytical techniques in law enforcement to identify potential criminal activity.[1] Predictive policing methods fall into four general categories: methods for predicting crimes, methods for predicting offenders, methods for predicting perpetrators’ identities, and methods for predicting victims of crime.[2] General Predictive Policing: The Role of Crime in Forecasting Law Enforcement Operations  Predictive policing is the use of analytical techniques to identify promising targets

2019-20 LD Resolutions

2019-20 LD Resolutions

Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Bibliography Resolved: The United States ought to grant legal personhood to natural ecosystems. Bibliography & files Resolved: Japan ought to amend Article 9 of its constitution to allow for offensive military capabilities. Bibliography and files Resolved: The United States ought to legalize adult sex work. Files and argument list Resolved: The intergenerational accumulation of wealth is antithetical to democracy. Bibliography  Resolved: In the United States,