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The member nations of the World Trade Organization ought to reduce intellectual property protections for medicines.

The member nations of the World Trade Organization ought to reduce intellectual property protections for medicines.

Definitions What is Intellectual property? Topic Background The intellectual property of COVID-19 Covid-19: Should intellectual property rights be challenged ? The Debate Over a Patent Waiver for COVID-19 Vaccines: What to Know US talk of waiving vaccine patents is merely symbolic: Experts Big Pharma’s Patent Defeat Shows Corporate America Losing Power COVID-19 Medical Countermeasures: Intellectual Property and Affordability Intellectual Property Rights and Access in a Crisis Promoting Access to Medical


Resolved: A public health emergency justifies limiting civil liberties.

COVID-19 Forced isolation may be the only way to stop the virus  Does Personal Freedom Endanger Public Health? Coronavirus Could Infect Privacy And Civil Liberties Forever The Clash Between Emergency Powers and Individual Rights During COVID-19 Pandemic Beyond liberty: social values and public health ethics in responses to COVID-19 A balance between liberty and safety during a pandemic Disease Control, Civil Liberties, and Mass Testing — Calibrating Restrictions during the


Resolved: States ought to ban lethal autonomous weapons (outline)

Theory/Topicality States means all statesStates means at least two statesStates means one stateLAWS means all LAWSLAWS means some LAWSLethal — kill humans/non-humans Advantages DeontologyDignity — non-human killing No proportionalityNon-human killingNon-human killing makes war more likelyLAWS are not accountable Violations human rights law/international law (IHL and IL generally are both good) Human rights impacts — dignity, massacres, autonomy Arms racesNuclear escalation China-US conflict (one plan has both the US and China

Resolved: States ought to ban lethal autonomous weapons (bibliography)

General Morality The Ethics & Morality of Robotic Warfare: Assessing the Debate over Autonomous Weapons (2016). This article reviews the major moral objections to autonomous weapons systems. The Ethics of Acquiring Disruptive Technologies Artificial Intelligence, Autonomous Weapons, and Decision Support Systems (2018) An Ethical Analysis of the Case for Robotic Weapons Arms Control (2019). While the use of telerobotic and semi-autonomous weapons systems hasbeen enthusiastically embraced by politicians and militaries


Job Guarantee Economy Advantage (AFF)

High levels of unemployment triggering a recession. Employment levels are the best measure of economic strength Barone, 10-18, 20, Robert Barone, Ph.D. is a Georgetown educated economist. He is a financial advisor at Four Star Wealth Advisors., Forbes, The Real Recession Is Just Starting The best gauge of economic health is employment, and, on that front, the news is not good. New unemployment claims continue at well over +1.2

Debt/Deficits Disadvantage Answers

Congress can fiat spending on anything it wants Dr. Stephanie Kelton, 2020, Stephanie Kelton is an American economist and academic. She is currently a professor at Stony Brook University[1] and a Senior Fellow at the Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis at the New School for Social Research[2]. She was formerly a professor at the University of Missouri–Kansas City.[3] She also served as an advisor to Bernie Sanders’ 2016 presidential